The following is a list of cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants in Kazakhstan.

Name English Name Kazakh Previous name City since recent accounts (2008) Province
Aktau Ақтау Shevchenko 1963 180373 Mangystau Province
Aktobe Ақтөбе Aktubinsk 1880 285507 Aktobe Province
Almaty Алматы 1867 1328362
Arkalyk Арқалық 1965 56614 Kostanay Province
Astana Астана Akmola, Akmolinsk, Tselinograd 1831 389189 Capital
Atyrau Атырау Guryev 1885 158308 Atyrau province
Baikonur Байқоңыр Lenninsk 1969 59452
Balqash Балқаш 1937 86897 Karagandy Province
Zhezkazgan Жезқазған Dzhezkazgan 1954 112154 Karagandy Province
Karagandy Қарағанды 1934 451800 Karagandy Province
Kentau Кентау 1955 60799 South Kazakhstan Province
Kyzylorda Қызылорда 1867 182929 Kyzylorda Province
Kokshetau Көкшетау Kokchetav 1862 132753 Akmola Province
Kostanay Қостанай Kustanay 1893 249395 Kostanay Province
Zhanaozen Жаңаөзен Noviy Uzen' 1968 60796 Mangystau Province
Pavlodar Павлодар 1861 354809 Pavlodar Province
Petropavl Петропавл Petropavlovsk 1807 208547 North Kazakhstan Province
Ridder Риддер 1934 54252 East Kazakhstan Province
Saran Сараң 1954 49082 Karagandy Province
Satpayev Сәтбаев 1973 73874 Karagandy Province
Semey Семей Semipalatinsk 1782 312136 East Kazakhstan Province
Stepnogorsk Степногорск 1964 47705 Akmola Province
Taldykorgan Талдықорған 1944 114728 Almaty Province
Taraz Тараз Talas, Zhambyl, Aulie-Ata ancient 398233 Jambyl Province
Temirtau Теміртау 1945 179520 Karagandy Province
Turkistan Түркістан ancient 109673 South Kazakhstan Province
Oral Орал Uralsk 1613 255489 West Kazakhstan Province
Oskemen Өскемен Ust'-Kamenogorsk 1868 344421 East Kazakhstan Province
Shymkent Шымкент Chimkent middle ages 454583 South Kazakhstan Province
Shahtinsk Шахтинск 1961 54748 Karagandy Province
Shuchinsk Щучинск 1939 50128 Akmola Province
Ekibastuz Екібастуз 1957 158165 Pavlodar Province

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